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Additions Nurses:    They provide service to patients seeking help with alcohol, drug, tobacco and other additions.

Ambulatory Care Nurses:    They provide preventive care and treat patients with a variety of illnesses and injuries in physicians’ offices or in clinics.  Some ambulatory care nurses are involved in tele-health, providing care and advice through electronic communications media such as videoconferencing, the internet or by telephone.

Cardiovascular Nurses:    The treat patients with coronary heart disease and those who have had heart surgery, providing services such as postoperative rehabilitation.

Case Managers’ Nurses:    They ensure that all of the medical needs of patients with severe injuries and severe or chronic illnesses are met.

Clinical Nurses Specialists:    They provide direct patient care and expert consultations in one of many nursing specialties such as psychiatric-mental health.

Critical Care Nurses:    They provide care to patients with serious, complex and acute illnesses or injuries that require very close monitoring and extensive medication protocols and therapies.  They often work in critical or intensive care hospital units.

Dermatology Nurses:    They treat patients with disorders of the skin, such as skin cancer and psoriasis.

Diabetes Management Nurses:    They help diabetics to manage their disease by teaching them proper nutrition and showing them how to test blood sugar levels and administer insulin injections.

Emergency or Trauma Nurses:    They provide initial assessments and take care of patients with life-threatening conditions.  Some emergency nurses may become qualified to serve as transport nurses, who provide medical care to patients who are transported by the helicopter or airplane to the nearest medical facility.

Forensics Nurses Participate:    They provide scientific investigation and treatment of abuse victims, violence, criminal activity, and traumatic accident.

Gastroenterology Nurses:    They treat patients with digestive and intestinal disorders, including ulcers, acid reflux disease, and abdominal bleeding. They also assist in specialized procedures such as endoscopies, which look inside the gastrointestinal tract using a tube equipped with a light and a camera that can capture images of diseased tissue.

Genetics Nurses:    They provide early detection screenings, counseling, and treatment of patients with genetic disorders.

Gynaecology Nurses:    They provide care to women with disorders of the reproductive system, including endometriosis, cancer and sexually transmitted diseases.

HIV/AIDS Nurses:    They provide care for patients diagnosed with HIV and AIDS.

Holistic Nurses:    They provide care on acupuncture, massage, aroma therapy and biofeedback meant to treat patients of mental and spiritual ailments.

Home Healthcare Nurses:    They provide home nursing care for patients, often as follow-up care after discharge from a hospital.

Hospice and Palliative Care Nurses:    They provide care, most often in home or hospice settings.  They focus on maintaining quality of life for terminally-ill patients.

Infection Control Nurses:    They identify, track and control infectious outbreaks in healthcare facilities and develop programmes for outbreak prevention and response to biological terrorism.

Infusion Nurses:    They administer medications, fluids and blood to patients through injections.
Intellectual and Developmental

Disabilities Nurses:    The provide care for patients with physical, mental or behavioural disabilities.

Legal Nurse Consultants:    They assist lawyers in medical cases by interviewing patients and witnesses; organize medical records; determine damages and costs; and locate evidence and educate lawyers about medical issues.

Long-term Care Nurses:    They provide healthcare services on a recurring basis to patients with chronic physical or mental disorders, often in long term care or skilled nursing facilities.

Medical-Surgical Nurses:    They provide health promotion and basic medical care to patients with various medical and surgical diagnoses.

Nephrology Nurses:    They provide service to patients with kidney disease caused by diabetes, hypertension or substance abuse.

Neuroscience Nurses:    They provide care for patients with dysfunctions of the nervous system, including brain and spinal cord injuries and seizures.

Nurse Administrator:    They supervise nursing staff, establish work schedules and budgets, maintain medical supply inventories, and manage resources to ensure high-quality care.

Nurse Educators:    They plan, develop, implement and evaluate educational programmes and curricula for the professional development of student nurses and Registered Nurses.

Nurse Informatics:    Manages and communicates nursing data and information to improve decision-making by consumers, patients, nurses and other healthcare providers.

Nurse Anaesthetists:    They provide anaesthesia and related care before and after surgical, therapeutic, diagnostic and obstetrical procedures.  They also provide pain management and emergency services, such as airway management.

Nurse-Midwives:    They provide primary-care to women including gynaecological exams, family planning advice, pre-natal care, assistance in labour and delivery and neonatal care.

Nurse Practitioners:    They provide a blend of nursing and healthcare services to patients and families.

Occupational Health Nurses:    They provide prevention services on job-related injuries and illnesses and monitoring of emergency care services.  They also help employers to implement health and safety standards.

Oncology Nurses:    They provide care for patients with various types of cancer and may assist in the administration of radiation and chemotherapies and follow-ups monitoring.

Ophthalmic Nurses:    They provide service to patients with disorders of the eyes, including blindness and glaucoma, among others.

Orthopaedic Nurses:    They provide service for patients with muscular and skeletal problems.

Ortorhinolaryngology Nurses:    They provide service for patients with ear, nose and throat disorders such as cleft palates, allergies and sinus disorders.

Perianesthesia Nurses:    They provide pre-operative and post-operative care to patients undergoing anaesthesia during surgery or other procedure.

Preoperative Nurses:    They assist surgeons by selecting and handling instruments, controlling bleeding and suturing incisions.

Psychiatric-mental Health Nurses:    They treat patients with personality and mood disorders.

Padiatric Oncology Nurses:    They deal with children and adolescents who have cancer.

Radiology Nurses:    They provide care to patients undergoing diagnostic radiation procedures such as ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging and radiation therapy for oncology diagnoses.

Rehabilitation Nurses:    They provide service to patients with temporary and permanent disabilities.

Respiratory Nurses:    They provide service to patients with respiratory disorders such as asthma, tuberculosis and cystic fibrosis.

Transplant Nurses:    They provide service to both transplant recipients and living donors and monitor signs of organ rejection.

Urology Nurses:    They provide service to patients with disorders of the kidneys, urinary tract and male reproductive organs including infections, kidney and bladder stones and cancers.

Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses:    They provide service to patients with wounds caused by traumatic injury, ulcers or arterial disease and provide post-operative care, among others.